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What Does The Bible Say About The Second Coming Of Jesus Christ What Does The Bible Say About The Second Coming Of Jesus Christ

Bible Stories

What Does The Bible Say About The Second Coming Of Jesus Christ

Written by: Octavia Reinhard

Discover what the Bible teaches about the second coming of Jesus Christ and explore the significance of this event in biblical stories. Learn more about the prophecies and promises surrounding this pivotal moment.

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Table of Contents


The Second Coming of Jesus Christ is a central belief in Christianity, with the promise of Jesus' return being a source of hope and anticipation for believers. This event is mentioned throughout the New Testament, particularly in the Gospels and the Book of Revelation. The concept of the Second Coming raises questions about the signs, timing, purpose, and response associated with this significant event. Understanding what the Bible says about the Second Coming of Jesus Christ is essential for Christians seeking to deepen their faith and live in anticipation of this future event. So, what does the Bible actually say about the Second Coming of Jesus Christ? Let's delve into the scriptures to explore this profound and impactful belief.


The Promise of Jesus' Return

The promise of Jesus' return is a fundamental tenet of the Christian faith, rooted in the teachings of Jesus himself. In the Gospel of John, Jesus assures his disciples that he will come back for them, stating, "And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am" (John 14:3, NIV). This promise provides comfort and hope to believers, assuring them that Jesus will not abandon them but will return to gather them to himself. The certainty of Jesus' return is reiterated in the book of Acts, where angels affirm to the disciples that Jesus will come back in the same way they saw him go into heaven (Acts 1:11, NIV). This promise serves as a beacon of hope for Christians, reminding them that their Savior will indeed return to fulfill what he has foretold.

  • Jesus Himself Promised His Return
  • The Assurance of Gathering Believers to Himself
  • Confirmation of His Return by Angels


Signs of the Second Coming

The Bible provides various signs that are believed to precede the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. These signs serve as indicators for believers to recognize the approaching fulfillment of Jesus' promise to return. One prominent sign mentioned by Jesus himself is the increase in wars, famines, and earthquakes, described as the "beginning of birth pains" (Matthew 24:7-8, NIV). This imagery portrays a world in turmoil and distress, signaling the nearing culmination of all things. Additionally, the proliferation of false prophets and the spread of lawlessness are highlighted as signs that will characterize the period preceding the Second Coming (Matthew 24:11-12, NIV). The book of Revelation also depicts various cosmic disturbances, such as the darkening of the sun and moon, as precursors to Christ's return (Revelation 6:12-14, NIV). These signs, among others, are intended to alert believers to the imminent fulfillment of Jesus' promise and to encourage them to remain vigilant and faithful in anticipation of his return.

  • Increase in Wars, Famines, and Earthquakes
  • Proliferation of False Prophets and Lawlessness
  • Cosmic Disturbances as Precursors


The Timing of the Second Coming

The timing of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ has been a subject of great interest and speculation throughout the history of Christianity. However, the Bible presents a nuanced perspective on the timing of this event. In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus himself emphasizes the element of surprise associated with his return, stating, "But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father" (Matthew 24:36, NIV). This declaration underscores the mystery surrounding the precise timing of the Second Coming, emphasizing that it is known only to God the Father. The apostle Paul also addresses the unpredictability of this event, likening it to a thief in the night, emphasizing that it will come suddenly and unexpectedly (1 Thessalonians 5:2, NIV). Despite the uncertainty regarding the specific timing, the Bible exhorts believers to live in a state of readiness and anticipation, being mindful of the imminent return of Christ. This emphasis on preparedness underscores the importance of living a life of faithfulness and vigilance, regardless of when the Second Coming may occur.

  • Emphasis on the Element of Surprise
  • Only Known to God the Father
  • Likened to a Thief in the Night
  • Exhortation to Live in Readiness and Anticipation


The Purpose of the Second Coming

The Second Coming of Jesus Christ serves multiple profound purposes according to the teachings of the Bible. One of the primary purposes is the establishment of God's ultimate sovereignty and the fulfillment of His divine plan for the redemption of humanity. The book of Revelation portrays Jesus as the triumphant ruler who will ultimately reign over all creation, bringing about the culmination of God's purposes for the world. This event signifies the ultimate victory of good over evil and the restoration of God's intended order for the universe.

Furthermore, the Second Coming is intricately linked to the final judgment, where all individuals will be held accountable for their actions and choices. The Bible depicts this as a time when the righteous will be rewarded, and the unrepentant sinners will face the consequences of their rebellion against God. This aspect of the Second Coming underscores the significance of living a life in accordance with God's will and the moral implications of one's actions.

Moreover, the Second Coming is associated with the renewal and restoration of creation. The apostle Paul speaks of the creation groaning as it awaits its liberation from decay, anticipating the future glory that will be revealed at the return of Christ (Romans 8:19-21, NIV). This highlights the transformative impact of the Second Coming, not only on humanity but also on the entire created order, signifying the renewal and restoration of all things in accordance with God's redemptive purposes.

Additionally, the Second Coming holds the promise of the fulfillment of God's covenant with His people. It represents the culmination of God's faithfulness and the ultimate realization of His promises to those who have placed their trust in Him. This serves as a source of hope and assurance for believers, affirming that God's faithfulness endures throughout the ages and will ultimately be fully manifested in the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.

The purpose of the Second Coming encompasses the establishment of God's sovereignty, the final judgment, the renewal of creation, and the fulfillment of God's covenant with His people. Understanding these profound purposes provides believers with a comprehensive perspective on the significance of this future event and underscores the transformative impact it will have on both humanity and the entire created order.


The Response to the Second Coming

The anticipation of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ elicits various responses from individuals and communities, shaping their attitudes, behaviors, and outlook on life. The Bible presents a range of responses to this future event, reflecting the diversity of perspectives and dispositions among people.

1. Anticipation and Hope

The prospect of Jesus' return engenders a sense of anticipation and hope among believers. It serves as a source of encouragement, inspiring them to persevere in their faith and remain steadfast in the face of challenges. The apostle Paul describes the Second Coming as the blessed hope that motivates believers to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives while awaiting the fulfillment of this promise (Titus 2:13, NIV). This response reflects an attitude of hopeful expectation, shaping the way believers live and interact with the world around them.

2. Preparation and Readiness

The biblical teachings on the Second Coming emphasize the importance of preparation and readiness. Jesus' parables, such as the parable of the ten virgins (Matthew 25:1-13), underscore the need for vigilance and preparedness in anticipation of his return. This response calls for a proactive and intentional approach to living out one's faith, being mindful of the imminent return of Christ and aligning one's life with the values and principles of the Kingdom of God.

3. Reflection and Examination

The belief in the Second Coming prompts individuals to engage in introspection and self-examination. The prospect of standing before the judgment seat of Christ leads believers to reflect on their actions, attitudes, and priorities. The apostle Peter exhorts believers to live holy and godly lives as they anticipate the coming day of the Lord, emphasizing the transformative impact of this belief on their conduct and character (2 Peter 3:11-12, NIV). This response encourages a deepened awareness of one's spiritual condition and a commitment to personal and moral growth.

4. Urgency and Mission

The imminent return of Jesus Christ instills a sense of urgency in the mission of sharing the gospel and making disciples. The belief in the Second Coming compels believers to actively participate in the redemptive work of God, seeking to bring others into a saving relationship with Christ. This response underscores the significance of evangelism, compassion, and social justice as integral aspects of living out the teachings of Jesus in light of his impending return.

5. Fear and Uncertainty

While the Second Coming is a source of hope and assurance for believers, it may evoke fear and uncertainty in those who have not reconciled their relationship with God. The prospect of facing divine judgment and the consequences of unbelief or rebellion can elicit apprehension and anxiety. This response highlights the existential and moral implications of the belief in the Second Coming, prompting individuals to grapple with questions of faith, repentance, and the ultimate destiny of their souls.

The diverse responses to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ reflect the profound impact of this belief on individuals and communities. Whether evoking hope and anticipation, prompting preparation and reflection, or eliciting fear and uncertainty, the anticipation of Jesus' return shapes the perspectives and actions of those who adhere to this central tenet of the Christian faith.



The Second Coming of Jesus Christ holds immense significance in the Christian faith, shaping beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors of believers. The promise of Jesus' return, the signs indicating its approach, the uncertainty of its timing, the profound purposes it serves, and the diverse responses it elicits all contribute to the depth and complexity of this central belief. As believers await the fulfillment of this promise, the teachings of the Bible provide guidance on living in anticipation, readiness, and hope, while also prompting reflection, introspection, and a sense of urgency in fulfilling the mission of sharing the gospel. The belief in the Second Coming underscores the transformative impact of this future event on both individuals and the broader human experience, emphasizing the ultimate sovereignty of God, the moral accountability of humanity, the renewal of creation, and the fulfillment of God's covenant with His people. Understanding what the Bible says about the Second Coming of Jesus Christ is not merely an intellectual exercise but a profound and impactful aspect of Christian faith, shaping the way believers live, interact with the world, and anticipate the ultimate fulfillment of God's redemptive purposes.

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