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Which Of The Four Gospels Was Written First Which Of The Four Gospels Was Written First

Bible Stories

Which Of The Four Gospels Was Written First

Written by: Denys Prasad

Discover which of the four gospels was written first and gain insights into the fascinating world of Bible stories. Explore the origins of the gospels and their significance in Christian history.

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Table of Contents


So, you're curious about which of the four Gospels was written first, huh? Well, you've come to the right place! The Gospels, found in the New Testament of the Bible, are the first four books—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. They tell the story of the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The order in which these Gospels were written has been a topic of much debate among scholars and theologians. Let's dive into the details and explore the possible answers to this intriguing question.


The Gospel of Mark

The Gospel of Mark is often considered to be the earliest of the four Gospels. It is believed to have been written by John Mark, a companion of the apostle Peter. Mark's Gospel is known for its brevity and focus on action, portraying Jesus as a powerful and dynamic figure. This Gospel emphasizes Jesus' deeds and miracles, presenting him as a man of great authority. Mark's account is fast-paced, with a sense of urgency, and it highlights Jesus' teachings through parables and direct encounters with various individuals. The Gospel of Mark is also significant for its portrayal of the suffering and humanity of Jesus, making it a compelling and emotional narrative for readers.

  • Believed to be the earliest of the four Gospels
  • Written by John Mark, a companion of the apostle Peter
  • Emphasizes Jesus’ deeds, miracles, and teachings
  • Portrays Jesus as a powerful and dynamic figure
  • Highlights the suffering and humanity of Jesus


The Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel of Matthew is traditionally ascribed to the apostle Matthew, also known as Levi, who was a tax collector before becoming one of Jesus' twelve disciples. This Gospel is often regarded as the most Jewish of the four Gospels, as it frequently references the Old Testament and presents Jesus as the fulfillment of Jewish prophecy. Matthew's Gospel begins with a genealogy tracing Jesus' lineage back to King David, emphasizing his royal heritage. It also includes the well-known Sermon on the Mount, which contains some of Jesus' most profound teachings, such as the Beatitudes. Additionally, Matthew's Gospel places a strong emphasis on ethical teachings, highlighting the importance of righteousness, mercy, and love for others. The narrative structure of this Gospel is carefully organized, presenting Jesus as the authoritative teacher and the promised Messiah.

  • Ascribed to the apostle Matthew (Levi)
  • Emphasizes Jesus as the fulfillment of Jewish prophecy
  • Traces Jesus' lineage back to King David
  • Includes the Sermon on the Mount with profound teachings
  • Emphasizes ethical teachings and the importance of righteousness


The Gospel of Luke

The Gospel of Luke, attributed to the physician and companion of the apostle Paul, is known for its meticulous attention to detail and its emphasis on compassion and inclusivity. Luke's Gospel begins with a prologue addressed to Theophilus, presenting an orderly and well-researched account of the life and ministry of Jesus. One of the distinctive features of Luke's Gospel is the inclusion of stories and parables that highlight Jesus' concern for the marginalized and outcast, such as the Good Samaritan and the Prodigal Son. This Gospel also contains the beautiful hymn known as the Magnificat, in which Mary exalts the Lord for his faithfulness and mercy. Additionally, the Gospel of Luke provides a unique perspective on Jesus' interactions with women, portraying them as significant and valued participants in the unfolding of God's kingdom. Luke's portrayal of Jesus as the compassionate savior who reaches out to all people, regardless of their social status, resonates deeply with readers and emphasizes the universal message of love and redemption.

  • Attributed to the physician and companion of the apostle Paul
  • Meticulous attention to detail and emphasis on compassion and inclusivity
  • Inclusion of stories and parables highlighting Jesus' concern for the marginalized
  • Contains the Magnificat, a beautiful hymn of praise
  • Provides a unique perspective on Jesus' interactions with women


The Gospel of John

The Gospel of John stands out among the four Gospels for its unique theological perspective and profound spiritual insights. Traditionally attributed to the apostle John, this Gospel presents a highly symbolic and reflective account of Jesus' life and teachings. John's Gospel begins with the majestic prologue, which introduces Jesus as the divine Word made flesh, emphasizing his eternal existence and role in creation. Throughout the narrative, John portrays Jesus through a series of "I am" sayings, revealing different aspects of his identity and mission. These statements, such as "I am the bread of life" and "I am the light of the world," convey profound truths about Jesus' nature and the spiritual sustenance he offers to humanity.

One of the distinctive features of the Gospel of John is its emphasis on the theme of love, particularly the divine love that God has for the world. The famous verse, "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son," encapsulates the essence of this message, highlighting the sacrificial nature of God's love and the redemptive purpose of Jesus' mission. John's Gospel also contains the poignant account of Jesus' interactions with individuals such as Nicodemus, the Samaritan woman at the well, and Mary and Martha, providing deep insights into the transformative power of encountering Jesus personally.

Furthermore, the Gospel of John is renowned for its portrayal of Jesus' miracles, or "signs," which serve as powerful demonstrations of his divine authority and the manifestation of God's kingdom. These signs, including the turning of water into wine, the healing of the blind man, and the raising of Lazarus from the dead, are presented as catalysts for belief and opportunities for people to recognize the presence of God in their midst.

In addition to its rich theological content, the Gospel of John also contains the profound discourse of Jesus at the Last Supper, where he shares intimate teachings with his disciples and prays for their unity and future mission. This discourse includes the famous passage known as the High Priestly Prayer, in which Jesus intercedes for his followers and expresses his desire for them to experience the fullness of God's love and glory.

Overall, the Gospel of John offers a deeply spiritual and contemplative portrayal of Jesus, inviting readers to encounter the profound truths of his identity, mission, and the transformative power of divine love. Its rich symbolism, theological depth, and emphasis on personal relationship with Jesus make it a profound and enduring source of spiritual nourishment for believers throughout the ages.



In conclusion, the question of which of the four Gospels was written first has been the subject of scholarly inquiry and debate for centuries. While the exact chronological order of their composition may remain a matter of conjecture, each Gospel offers a unique perspective on the life, teachings, and significance of Jesus Christ. The Gospel of Mark, with its emphasis on action and the humanity of Jesus, provides a compelling narrative of his ministry. Matthew's Gospel, with its Jewish context and ethical teachings, presents Jesus as the fulfillment of prophecy. Luke's Gospel, with its attention to detail and inclusivity, highlights Jesus' compassion for all. John's Gospel, with its profound theological insights and emphasis on divine love, invites readers into a deeper spiritual understanding of Jesus' identity and mission. Regardless of the order of their writing, each Gospel contributes to a rich tapestry of faith and offers valuable insights into the person of Jesus Christ, inviting readers to explore and encounter the timeless message of hope, love, and redemption.

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