History of Jerusalem

Jerusalem is not just the capital of Israel, it is also considered a holy place. Jews, Christians and Muslims all cherish Jerusalem for various reasons and important divine events. For all three, Jerusalem is where significant events occurred for various prophets. The Temple Mount in Jerusalem is one place which holds meaning to all three religions. In Judaism, the Temple is where Jews turn towards when they pray. They believe that the dust from the place was used to create Adam and that this is the location Abraham chose to bind Isaac. For Christians, the Temple Mount is the place where many events unfolded for Jesus and also where the prophecy was fulfilled when the temple was destroyed in 70 CE. For Muslims, the location is the template which was built by Solomon and where Prophet Mohammad and others worshiped one God.

Jerusalem has a long history and is recognized as one of the oldest cities in the world. The city has been occupied since 2800 B.C. but the first settlements date back to 3500 B.C.E. During the Iron Age, Jerusalem was conquered by Canaanites and by 1000BCE it was seized by Kind David. Many believe that Jesus is a descendent of King David. In 960 B.C. the first temple was built by David’s son, Solomon. In 586 B.C. the temple was destroyed by the Babylonian forces. In 539 B.C. Cyrus the Great conquered over the Babylonian Empire which included Jerusalem. By 516 B.C. Jews were allowed back into Jerusalem and the second temple was built.

From 332 B.C. Alexander the Great ruled over the holy city and by 63 B.C. it was Pompey’s turn. In 37 B.C. King Herod reconstructs the second temple. By 27-29 A.D Jesus Christ was preaching and visiting Jerusalem, spreading the word of God. The last time that the Messiah entered Jerusalem was around 30 A.D.. which was the last time. Jesus was crucified in the holy city and was laid to rest in a cave. A temple was later on built on top of the cave and Christ’s burial tomb. This temple was converted to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in 326 A.D. In 2016 the tomb of Christ was reconstructed and by November 2017 for the first time in many centuries, the tomb was revealed to the public.

For Christians, Jerusalem is the place where Jesus Christ addressed the poor, spread the word of God, and was later crucified and resurrected from. It is a place that is holy, in more ways than one, and should be visited when given the chance.